The Navy says it will immediately start taking cost-savings measures, such as layoffs, furloughs and deferred maintenance and deployments, now that sequestration has become law. The service says "these actions are being taken to preserve support for those forces stationed overseas and currently forward-deployed. Reductions in lower-priority forward operations and significant reductions in all other operations, training and maintenance are the results of this selection process."
The bill, H.R. 933 , would fund the federal government through the rest of the fiscal year after the current continuing resolution expires March 27. The bill would not reverse sequestration, but by increasing DoD operations and maintenance spending at a level greater than the fiscal 2012 amount permitted under the current continuing resolution, it would result in a $9.59 billion increase to the O&M budget over the amount allowable by sequestration.
Information technology appropriation typically get embedded within larger budget line requests, but some large efforts or IT offices do receive a budget line of their own, and so are visible in the Office of Management and Budget sequestration report (.pdf) the agency sent to Congress on March 1. For example, the e-government fund managed by the General Services Administration will undergo cuts of 5 percent, an amount equal to $600,000.
Sequestration cuts to the Defense Department can be managed in the near-term and will not risk U.S. military efforts in Afghanistan, but the loss of readiness could compromise response to future conflicts, says Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel. Hagel said the cuts affect each of 2,500 individual investment programs, so adjustments will include reviews and delays to contracts.
More than half a billion dollars will come out of the CBP budget between now and Sept. 30 due to sequestration. At TSA, the bulk of the cuts hit aviation security, the budget of which will fall $276 million for the period between now and Sept. 30. President Obama ordered the cuts into action March 1.
Because of sequestration, the Homeland Security Department will lose about $3.2 billion from its fiscal 2013 budget between now and Sept. 30 as ordered by President Obama on March 1. The Federal Emergency Management Agency is set to lose $1.13 billion, including $928 million from its disaster relief account. No other DHS component's cuts exceed $1 billion.
The Office of Management and Budget has outlined the budget cuts that must be applied to the federal government under sequestration, but there is no political consensus on their economic impact. "According to analysis by outside experts, sequestration would reduce real GDP growth for 2013 by 0.5 to 0.7 percentage points were it to continue for the rest of the calendar year," says the White House.
Two Commerce Department agencies heavily involved in federal information technology effort will have $49 million deducted from their budgets over the remainder of the fiscal year due to sequestration. In a Feb. 8 letter (.pdf), Acting Commerce Secretary Rebecca Blank said sequestration cuts at NIST "would largely fall on grants, contracts, equipment procurements, deferment of open positions, and cuts in the repair and maintenance of NIST facilities."
An Office of Management and Budget report (.pdf) on how across-the-board cuts will impact individual agencies shows that FEMA will have about 5 percent of its budget subtracted from it. In raw dollars, the greatest amount comes from disaster relief, which will lose $928 million, with state and local programs set to lose $117 million, the second greatest amount.
Napolitano was asked about the debate over the definition and how dozens of federal agencies outside the Homeland Security Department include "homeland security" in their missions. Napolitano replied, "That's the first time I've even heard that, and I've been secretary four-plus years, so it's certainly not affecting my day-to-day work."